Crude oil is collected, refined into higher grade and high value products, for instance petroleum, gasoline, diesel fuel and fuel oils through oil refinery or petroleum refinery industrial processes. Similar to other chemical plants, oil refineries use technologies to handle chemical processes with massive oil pipings networks among each processing facility. After collection of crude oil, it and processed liquid products are stored in depots located near oil refinery plants and then processed in oil production plants. Similarly, petroleum refineries customise specific refining processing units and process arrangements in the industrial complexes according to the desired products output and refinery proximity. Subsequent operations are called midstream operations that include separate sectors of petroleum and oil industries as described below:
- Gathering: oil wells and gas-producing wells are connected through pipelines for gathering and are delivered to individual oil refinery or petroleum refinery processing facilities.
- Processing/refining: Crude oil and gas are processed in the refining operations to achieve higher grade of oil products, for instance gasoline, jet fuel and diesel oil.
- Transportation: There are several modes of transporting cruise oil or finished oil products between processing facilities, or from processing facilities to customers. These transporting modes include pipeline, tanker, rail and truck. Depending on the distance of the transportation route, the most economical modes will be considered to deliver the products effectively and quickly to destinations, for instance, cross-continents or short distance travels.
- Storage: The storage facilities are normally located closed to processing plants so that it would help to shorten the transportation time. Depending on the product types, natural gas usually is stored in underground facilities while petroleum is stored in storage tanks.
- Technological applications: Advance oil and gas industry technology are used to detect possible leaks in pipelines, monitoring pipeline activities and improving flow rate through the pipelines. With applying these technologies in refining processes, it boosts the efficiency to achieve higher yield in the given time period.
There are many different types of industrial processes in oil refining processes which include distillation, vacuum distillation, catalytic reforming, catalytic cracking, alkylation, isomerization and hydrotreating. In terms of natural gas processing, the processes are greatly different from that of oil refining processes. The industrial natural gas processes involve compression; glycol dehydration; amine treating; separating the product into pipeline-quality natural gas and a stream of mixed natural gas liquids and fractionation.
Different grades of crude oil products are applied in different industrial applications. Low viscosity crude oil is supplied as burner fuel in sea vessels in the form of propulsion energy from steam produced. The oil refining processes produce a wide range of oil products, for instance lubricants, fuels and feedstocks. The feedstocks are further processed into solvents, plastics, detergents and nylon fibres. Products of petroleum fossil fuels are the major components of combustion engines to power up automobiles, ships and aircrafts. By using distillation processes to separate lighter gaseous elements from the heavy ones, petroleum refinery plants produce lighter liquid petroleum products as high value end products for combustion engines.
High heat energy freed from the process of removing sulfur content from oil products due to environmental protection concerns. These heat energy are then directed to other refinery facilities for utilisation. One of common practises is to use these heat energy as input to electrical power plants that are built as part of refinery industry plans.
Ferrari Ventilation, as a oil and gas fan manufacturer, offers oil industrial fans and gas industrial fans where the required reliability degree is very high and have to fulfil with very tight and challenging technical specifications of American Petroleum Institute (API) standards. This implies a tight control of all the production stages from our side as supplier, from the plant manufacturer, intermediate contractor, and from the end user. Ferrari industrial fans are frequently used in the refineries, extraction plants, oil and gas pipelines, oil ships and platforms offshore. For this industry, Ferrari Ventilation provides high-pressure industrial fan for oil and gas with ATEX certification.
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land steam condenser utilizes cooling water to extract this steam to water and is utilized to pull a very slight vacuum at the outer section of the shaft seals, so that it helps lessen the leaking chance to cause water accumulation in the lube oil system. A steam powered eductor pulls a vacuum and eliminates the non-condensables that are pulled down with the steam to the gland condenser.
urbine Cooling is designed to reduce the negative impact of engine efficiency and cost. It is enabled the engine design to exceed normal material temperature limits. It is consistent with the thermodynamics of isentropic energy transfer in the component or some portion of it is demanded to be isothermal to remove all internal thermal stresses. In addition, the component is required to be as hot as possible to reduce coolant usage and inefficient energy transfers.
Moreover, the thermal gradients from the component to the support and containment structure are required to be reduced.
lare Burner is applied in oil and gas industry to burn away the excessive gas produced in the oil production stage. Ferrari industrial ATEX fans are equipped to release this excessive gas to the top of the flare burner and reduce the risk of overpressure in the production system. Another application for flare burners is to burn away the unused raw natural gas that is brought to the surface while petroleum crude oil is being extracted and produced from oil wells. In this situation, a large amount of unused gas is commonly flared as waste or unusable gas.